The unique thing about the brain is that it is a body tissue that does not pass through cell division. Your liver is always produced, so are your intestines, kidneys and all your organs. But with the brain, whatever neurons you set up (the nerve cells that send and receive electrical signals in the body) are the same throughout your life.
So if the brain is incapable of regenerating itself, is degeneration an inevitable consequence as we get older?
Fortunately, the answer is not necessarily. Here’s why.
The neurons connect to each other and develop plasticity. Neural plasticity is the development of neurons and their networks, the ability to change themselves structurally and functionally in response to new information, sensory stimuli, damage or dysfunction. Neural plasticity, therefore, is crucial for development, cognition, memory and mobility.
Neural plasticity was once thought to exist only in very young individuals and once neural pathways were formed, they were set and could not be modified. Modern brain research has now revealed that neurons constantly align themselves throughout life. In fact, new connections are formed at any stage of life, enabling people to acquire knowledge and choose new skills even in old age.
However, as you age, your brain is more likely to collapse as your process changes.
Causes of brain degeneration
1. Poor neurodegeneration in certain areas of the brain
Each person has different regions of the brain that have more connectivity or plasticity than other areas. The more plasticity you have in a particular area, the better you are at that particular task represented by that area. The less plasticity, the less efficient.
For example, when you were a kid and you tried to play sports. You weren’t coordinated and the other kids made fun of you. So you stopped playing sports and you avoided sports as you got older. Then the area that represents your vestibular motor system never got a chance to develop. As you get older, neurodegeneration will show up first in areas with low plasticity. If you are someone who did not have a highly developed motor coordinated muscular system because you have never played sports, your age is more likely to cause instability, dizziness or lightheadedness.
Or you were bad at math when you were in school, so you avoided all math when you grew up. As a result, there will be less plasticity in the parietal, prefrontal and inferior areas of the brain. As you get older, you may feel that you are no longer as good at remembering things or your grocery list.
That’s why when it comes to the brain, the saying “if you don’t use it you will lose it” is really very true.
2. Inflammation of the brain
Inflammation of the brain is quite different from inflammation of the rest of the body. In systemic immunity, there are repressive cells that can shut down the immune response to control the inflammatory process, not the brain.
In the brain, there are mainly neurons and glial cells. Global cells support, protect and nourish neurons; They remove metabolic debris, such as beta-amyloid plaque, found in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients. They also have immune cells that reside in the brain, but they do not have a switch f switch. Without intervention, once activated, they persist, become hyper and cause severe inflammation in the brain. (Please read on to see ways to reduce brain inflammation.)
Factors such as traumatic brain and spinal cord injury, ischemia stroke, infections, toxins and autoimmunity activate glomerular cells. This condition is often associated with Tampered blood brain barrier, Which is a finely woven mesh of specialized cells and blood vessels that keep foreign objects out of the brain. When this barrier is damaged, it becomes impermeable or “leaky”. This can cause toxins and pathogens to enter the brain. It also allows inflammation that arises elsewhere in the body to enter the brain and initiate an inflammatory response there.
Prolonged brain inflammation reduces neuronal plasticity and leads to degeneration. It stops the production of energy in the brain cells, resulting in mental fatigue, brain fog and reduced memory. It is also linked to numerous neurological and mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, substance abuse, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
Top 5 Ways to Control Brain Degeneration
1. Blood Sugar Stability
Without a doubt, blood sugar problems are the number one risk factor for brain damage. This includes being prejudiced, diabetic or hypoglycemic (low blood sugar).
When a person eats more carbohydrates, which are converted into blood sugar, the body puts in more insulin to lower blood sugar. Excess insulin activates glomerular cells in the brain and causes significant inflammation and promotes neurodegenerative processes.
In hypoglycemics, there is also an increase in insulin as the body tries to lower blood sugar after a high carbohydrate meal. When blood sugar is too low, the brain cannot get enough fuel. They become spacious, light, unstable and irritable. Hypoglycemics can’t go on much longer without eating.
If you have to decide if you have a blood sugar issue, ask yourself how you feel after you eat. There will be a general response, I’m not hungry anymore. There should be no change in energy and work.
However, hypoglycemics would generally say, I feel so good, I think I can work again. I can think. I’m not hungry anymore. It’s a sign that they’re dealing with a low blood sugar rollercoaster ride.
People who take meals and need naps, crave sugar or need coffee right away are insulin resistant people. They are on the bias or diabetic side.
Scientists now believe that chronic blood sugar imbalance plays a major role in the development of dementia and Alzheimer’s, enough that some researchers call Alzheimer’s “type 3 diabetes” due to the combination of inflammatory blood sugar. Therefore, the balance of blood sugar is the most important factor to consider inconsistently when working to improve brain function.
In addition to managing your blood sugar through diet, many studies have shown that Intermittent fasting Has a significant effect on inflammation of the brain. It triggers an important process called aut tofegi, in which you get rid of metabolic debris in the brain and you close glial cells. The most common intermittent fasting schedule is the 16/8 method which includes 16 hours of fasting and limiting the duration of your daily diet to 8 hours, say from noon to 8 pm.
2. Activation of the brain
Areas of the brain that you do not use will have less plasticity. So, you have to challenge it to save your brain from degeneration.
If you always have a hard time in math, get a math app and start doing multiplication tables or elementary school kids who play math games.
If you are frequently challenged with people’s faces or shapes, do games like Tetris where you see shapes and try to fit them in different places.
When you close your eyes or lose your balance while sitting on your feet together or on one leg, you will find you need to do more balance exercises.
The key is to keep all areas of your brain active and stimulated. Watching TV is passive and does nothing to help the brain. Instead, do cognitive things like learning a new language, playing sudoku, or doing word puzzles. Be an athlete, be a scholar, that’s the way to save your brain.
3. Physical activity
Exercising benefits your brain in two ways. One biochemistry and the other plasticity.
The types of exercise that increase your heart rate alter neurochemistry in the brain. Heart rate is equal to more blood flow, more circulation, more growth factors and more brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Exercise also causes neuronal branches, creates an opioid response and calms inflammation. In short, exercise only keeps your neurons healthy.
Physical activities that require more coordination increase neuronal plasticity in those areas of the brain.
For example, if you ask a patient with a brain injury in the vestibular system (balance center) to do bisexual curls while sitting on the BOSU (unstable surface), he / she is likely to experience complete fatigue before the muscles become tired. The patient may think that he / she is out of shape, but in reality, it is an issue of that part of the brain.
So, if you are a person who is just running, biking or swimming, adding exercises that involve a lot of ground will help develop those areas of the brain that are responsible for coordination and balance, just as much as your age.
Your brain cannot function in a sleep deprived state. Your brain cannot branch out. It cannot develop plasticity and will not be able to get rid of debris when it is asleep. Studies clearly show that when people do not get enough sleep, over time, the size of the brain decreases.
So, for whatever reason you are not getting enough quality sleep, be it frequent urination at night, there should be too much stimulation from the blue light produced by electronic devices, hormonal imbalances or low blood sugar, you need to eliminate the problem. Otherwise, without good sleep, there is no chance that your brain can function well.
5. Nutrients and supplements
Is the number one nutrient for reversing neuroinflammation Short chain fatty acids (SCFS). Three primary SCFs important for health. Is burrite, propionate and acetate.
SCFA Digestive and fermentation of dietary fiber is made by intestinal bacteria.
SCFS Can modulate neuroinflammation because the intestines and the brain are connected to the vagus nerve in a ga timate way, which is the highway through which signals from hormones, neuropeptides, and bacteria travel back and forth.
In the study, SCFA has been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders ranging from Parkinson’s to autism. These patients were found to have lower levels of SCFA-produced bacteria in their intestines than healthy individuals.
Types of fibers that promote the production of SCFA in the intestine
- Found in green bananas, rye, barley, sprouted wheat, Jerusalem artichoke, asparagus and onions.
- Peaches, apples, oranges, grapes, apricots, carrots, tomatoes, potatoes and peas are found.
- Jerusalem artichoke, green bananas, garlic, asparagus, leeks, onions and chicory root are found.
- Green bananas are found in bananas, cooked and chilled rice, potatoes, and legumes.
- Found from wheat stalks.
In addition to eating foods rich in these fibers, you can also use fiber supplements. They are called Prebiotics Or prebiotic fibers because good bacteria (probiotics) in the gut cause SCFS on them. Produces.
Foods that contain SCFS
Butter and ghee.
There is also butyrate (Or butyric acid) supplements are available. Individuals with severe encephalitis should consider using both prebiotics and butyrate.
Supplements that reduce inflammation of the brain
Omega-3 fish oil
- A polyphenol is found in the skin of red grapes. It can cross the blood-brain barrier to help reduce brain inflammation.
Turmeric / Curcumin
- Spices are commonly found in curry powder. It can also cross the blood-brain barrier. Liposomal liquid curcumin is 4-8 times more absorbed than the powder form, which is difficult to absorb.