Neurologists are specialists who are qualified to diagnose and treat diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Some of the most common neurological diseases include: Alzheimer’s disease – occurs in older people, it causes memory loss. Migraine – more common in women, it refers to the throbbing pain on part of the brain; and Parkinson’s – which refers to the tremor of the hands and feet, usually occurs in people over 50.
There are some common symptoms of neurological diseases that may indicate that a person needs further investigation. These symptoms include partial or complete paralysis, muscle weakness, partial or complete loss of sensation, and seizures. People may also experience difficulty reading and writing, unexplained pain, and decreased alertness.
A staggering 5.00,000 young boys in India suffer from muscular dystrophy. This is a group of diseases, usually inherited, that occur due to mutations in the dystrophin gene and even lack of nutrition. This disease leads to the weakening of muscle wasting. Symptoms of muscular dystrophy usually appear in early childhood, occurring more in young men. The best life for a person with this condition usually does not go beyond their late twenties. There needs to be more noise about this disease to raise awareness and notice the symptoms early in children to start treating the disease.
Contrary to popular belief, Alzheimer’s disease is another common illness in people over the age of 65. This disease results in the loss of the ability to remember, reason and carry out daily activities. As Alzheimer’s disease progresses, more brain cells die. This is the reason why early detection is vital. Although a cure remains to be found, proper medication and disease management can help alleviate symptoms and help the patient with daily tasks.
A recent study shows that any neurological disorder could be prevented by adopting a healthier lifestyle, including exercise. Research shows that exercise slows progression when it releases “exercise hormones” in the brain when a person exercises. This supports the brain, keeps it healthier, and as a result, the symptoms prevent the brain from shrinking.
Medical advances in the field of neurology go in one direction. Although exercise decreases a person’s chances of having a serious neurological problem, people should keep an eye out for any unusual health symptoms. A regular examination with the family doctor will be a safe bet.