Radioactive iodine I-131 or iodine 131 therapy is an effective treatment of overactive thyroid, commonly known as this condition, hyperthyroidism. The main causative effect of hyperthyroidism is Graves’ disease, which causes an increase in size and overproduction of thyroid hormones, leading to overactive thyroid gland.
Iodine 131 Principle of treatment
Subdivision of Medicinal Imaging, Nuclear Medicine In order to diagnose or diagnose the severity of numerous diseases such as heart disease, gastrointestinal, neurological or endocrine disorders, cancer and other diseases, radioactive substances are used in minutes in nature. Plan their treatment. Methods of nuclear drugs point to the molecular activity taking place within the system, so they are quite likely to carry out disease prognosis and monitor the patient’s progress according to therapeutic interventions.
I-131 or radioactive iodine is an iodine isotope that emits detectable radiation. When swallowed I-131 in small doses, it circulates from the bloodstream to the GI tract and is concentrated in thyroid cells, where it begins to work to destroy the highly active thyroid gland cells.
In addition to a qualified thyroid surgeon and endocrinologist, a radiologist, trained in radiology or nuclear medicine, and possibly ibly radiation safety specialist participates in the treatment process. While the surgeon and endocrinologist perform the actual procedure and take care of the patient’s well-being, radiation officers monitor the entire course of treatment remotely to ensure maximum safety is adjusted in the use of radioactive substances such as iodine-131. This treatment does not involve sophisticated devices or lengthy procedures, as the patient must take only the prepared dose of iodine-131 while maintaining complete safety.
Preparation before treatment
Patients are advised not to consume food or alcohol after midnight on the day of treatment. Also, any anti-thyroid medications must be stopped at least five days before treatment. Sometimes, anti-thyroid injections or medications are stopped ten days before treatment to ensure overall effectiveness and minimal side effects from the treatment.
Details of proceedings
Hyperthyroidism treatment such as iodine 131 therapy is always performed on an outpatient setup, as the dose required is quite low and there is no need for sterile conditions or additional devices. Iodine 131 is ingested in a single dose, in liquid or capsule form, which passes through the bloodstream, is rapidly absorbed into the gastrointestinal tract. Treatment begins to produce effects after about three months, with significant benefits manifested after six months. One dose of hyperthyroid cure works well enough to cure edema and the need for a second or third treatment rarely changes.
After radiation iodine therapy, patients are advised to adhere to a few precautions, the most important of which is the complete avoidance of contact between others in the family, with special emphasis on the pregnant woman and young children. Others are as follows:
Toile It is recommended to use private toilets and the patient must be flushed twice after use.
Ating food utensils, clothes and other items should be disposed of in a separate place from others.
It is important to sleep alone for the first four days of Alone treatment and avoid close contact with people.
Patients treatment and breastfeeding mothers should stop breastfeeding a few days before treatment to completely eliminate milk production Female patients should avoid pregnancy in the next one year.
Pregnant women should avoid choosing this treatment.
Patient Comfort Level – All You Need To Know About Radioactive Iodine 131 Therapy For Thyroid Cancer.
After intake of radioactive iodine, patients experience sensations of pain in the area of the throat where the thyroid gland resides. The pain after therapy is similar to a sore throat and can be alleviated by over-the-counter reliever. A fraction of the people who go through this process have no pain and if pain does occur, it disappears in a day or two. Overall, the procedure is free without difficulty and does not impose stress on patients. They can quickly recover and restore normal activities after treatment.
Iodine 131 therapy is very effective in the sense that it presents no permanent or serious side effects on the patient. As long as precautions are carefully followed, by restoring the normal activity of the thyroid gland, this therapy is likely to bring about a positive change. Radioactive iodine works by destroying the thyroid gland, so the body may be deprived of essential thyroid hormone post therapy. Thus patients need to resort to the use of thyroid pills to compensate for the decrease in thyroid hormone. However this is not a permanent phenomenon and thyroid pills come cheap.